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Azerbaijan holidays

Information about Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan - a nation with a majority-Turkic and majority-Shia Muslim population - was briefly independent (from 1918 to 1920) following the collapse of the Russian Empire; it was subsequently incorporated into the Soviet Union for seven decades. Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Moscow recognized in 1923 as an autonomous republic within Soviet Azerbaijan after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the territory's status. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also seven surrounding provinces in the territory of Azerbaijan. The OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by the United States, France, and Russia, is the framework established to mediate a peaceful resolution of the conflict. Corruption in the country is widespread, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism. Although the poverty rate has been reduced and infrastructure investment has increased substantially in recent years due to revenue from oil and gas production, reforms have not adequately addressed weaknesses in most government institutions, particularly in the education and health sectors.

Azerbaijan's economy

Azerbaijan's high economic growth has been attributable to large and growing oil and gas exports, but some non-export sectors also featured double-digit growth, including construction, banking, and real estate. Oil exports through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline, the Baku-Novorossiysk, and the Baku-Supsa pipelines remain the main economic driver, but efforts to boost Azerbaijan's gas production are underway. The eventual completion of the geopolitically important Southern Gas Corridor between Azerbaijan and Europe will open up another, albeit, smaller source of revenue from gas exports. Azerbaijan has made only limited progress on instituting market-based economic reforms. Pervasive public and private sector corruption and structural economic inefficiencies remain a drag on long-term growth, particularly in non-energy sectors. Several other obstacles impede Azerbaijan's economic progress, including the need for stepped up foreign investment in the non-energy sector and the continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Trade with Russia and the other former Soviet republics is declining in importance, while trade is building with Turkey and the nations of Europe. Long-term prospects depend on world oil prices, Azerbaijan's ability to negotiate export routes for its growing gas production, and its ability to use its energy wealth to promote growth and spur employment in non-energy sectors of the economy.

Issues in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified the Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on a one-fifth slice of the sea; the dispute over the break-away Nagorno-Karabakh region and the Armenian military occupation of surrounding lands in Azerbaijan remains the primary focus of regional instability; residents have evacuated the former Soviet-era small ethnic enclaves in Armenia and Azerbaijan; local border forces struggle to control the illegal transit of goods and people across the porous, undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders; bilateral talks continue with Turkmenistan on dividing the seabed and contested oilfields in the middle of the Caspian Refugees and internally displaced persons: IDPs: 597,429 (conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh; IDPs are mainly ethnic Azerbaijanis but also include ethnic Kurds, Russians, and Turks predominantly from occupied territories around Nagorno-Karabakh; number includes IDPs' descendants, returned IDPs, and people living in insecure areas and excludes people displaced by natural disasters; around half the IDPs live in the capital Baku) (2014) stateless persons: 3,585 (2012) Illicit drugs: limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly for CIS consumption; small government eradication program; transit point for Southwest Asian opiates bound for Russia and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe

Prices in Azerbaijan (1 AZN = 0.59 USD)
Meal in inexpensive restaurant7.85 AZN
3-course meal in restaurant (for 2)27 AZN
McDonalds meal7.75 AZN
Local beer (0.5 draft)2.21 AZN
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 3.31 AZN
Cappuccino2.76 AZN
Pepsi/Coke (0.33 bottle)0.64 AZN
Water (0.33 bottle)0.23 AZN
Milk (1l)1.31 AZN
Fresh bread (500g)0.39 AZN
White Rice (1kg)1.62 AZN
Eggs (12) 1.77 AZN
Local Cheese (1kg) 5.21 AZN
Chicken Breast (1kg) 5.01 AZN
Apples (1kg) 2.08 AZN
Oranges (1kg) 2.19 AZN
Tomato (1kg) 2.76 AZN
Potato (1kg) 0.95 AZN
Lettuce (1 head) 0.62 AZN
Water (1.5l)0.82 AZN
Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range) 6.86 AZN
Domestic Beer (0.5 bottle)1.15 AZN
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 2.57 AZN
Cigarettes2.21 AZN
One way local bus ticket0.19 AZN
Monthly pass for bus16.62 AZN
Taxi start0.97 AZN
Taxi 1km0.69 AZN
Taxi 1hour waiting5.71 AZN
Gasoline (1 liter) 0.68 AZN
Utilities for a "normal" apartment91.22 AZN
Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend) 27.75 AZN
Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre 569.56 AZN
Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre 251.13 AZN
Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre 677.53 AZN

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