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Canada holidays



Information about Canada

A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.

Canada's economy

As a high-tech industrial society in the trillion-dollar class, Canada resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and high living standards. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one primarily industrial and urban. The 1989 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (which includes Mexico) touched off a dramatic increase in trade and economic integration with the US, its principal trading partner. Canada enjoys a substantial trade surplus with the US, which absorbs about three-fourths of Canadian merchandise exports each year. Canada is the US's largest foreign supplier of energy, including oil, gas, uranium, and electric power. Given its abundant natural resources, highly skilled labor force, and modern capital plant, Canada enjoyed solid economic growth from 1993 through 2007. Buffeted by the global economic crisis, the economy dropped into a sharp recession in the final months of 2008, and Ottawa posted its first fiscal deficit in 2009 after 12 years of surplus. Canada's major banks, however, emerged from the financial crisis of 2008-09 among the strongest in the world, owing to the financial sector's tradition of conservative lending practices and strong capitalization. Canada achieved marginal growth in 2010-13 and plans to balance the budget by 2015. In addition, the country's petroleum sector is rapidly expanding, because Alberta's oil sands significantly boosted Canada's proven oil reserves. Canada now ranks third in the world in proved oil reserves behind Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.

Issues in Canada

managed maritime boundary disputes with the US at Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Gulf of Maine including the disputed Machias Seal Island and North Rock; Canada and the United States dispute how to divide the Beaufort Sea and the status of the Northwest Passage but continue to work cooperatively to survey the Arctic continental shelf; US works closely with Canada to intensify security measures for monitoring and controlling legal and illegal movement of people, transport, and commodities across the international border; sovereignty dispute with Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland; commencing the collection of technical evidence for submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in support of claims for continental shelf beyond 200 nm from its declared baselines in the Arctic, as stipulated in Article 76, paragraph 8, of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Refugees and internally displaced persons: refugees (country of origin): 17,381 (Colombia); 15,344 (China); 12,326 (Sri Lanka); 10,641 (Pakistan); 7,872 (Haiti); 6,512 (Mexico) (2013) Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the domestic drug market and export to US; use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors; increasing ecstasy production, some of which is destined for the US; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering because of its mature financial services sector



Prices in Canada (1 CAD = 0.75 USD)
Meal in inexpensive restaurant11.7 CAD
3-course meal in restaurant (for 2)57 CAD
McDonalds meal9.43 CAD
Local beer (0.5 draft)5.51 CAD
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 5.7 CAD
Cappuccino4.14 CAD
Pepsi/Coke (0.33 bottle)1.8 CAD
Water (0.33 bottle)1.59 CAD
Milk (1l)2.23 CAD
Fresh bread (500g)2.48 CAD
White Rice (1kg)4.18 CAD
Eggs (12) 3.26 CAD
Local Cheese (1kg) 11.41 CAD
Chicken Breast (1kg) 13.84 CAD
Apples (1kg) 3.5 CAD
Oranges (1kg) 3.28 CAD
Tomato (1kg) 3.89 CAD
Potato (1kg) 2.16 CAD
Lettuce (1 head) 1.72 CAD
Water (1.5l)2.24 CAD
Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range) 14.85 CAD
Domestic Beer (0.5 bottle)2.91 CAD
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 3.23 CAD
Cigarettes10.23 CAD
One way local bus ticket3.32 CAD
Monthly pass for bus80.5 CAD
Taxi start3.41 CAD
Taxi 1km1.72 CAD
Taxi 1hour waiting35.8 CAD
Gasoline (1 liter) 1.39 CAD
Utilities for a "normal" apartment175.08 CAD
Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend) 18.92 CAD
Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre 748.69 CAD

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