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Kyrgyzstan holidays

Information about Kyrgyzstan

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV overwhelmingly won the presidential election in the summer of 2005. Over the next few years, he manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for the presidency. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, violent protests in Bishkek led to the collapse of the BAKIEV regime and his eventual fleeing to Minsk, Belarus. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011, marking the first peaceful transfer of presidential power in independent Kyrgyzstan's history. Continuing concerns include: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.

Kyrgyzstan's economy

Kyrgyzstan is a poor, mountainous country with a dominant agricultural sector. Cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, and electricity. The economy depends heavily on gold exports - mainly from output at the Kumtor gold mine - and on remittances from Kyrgyzstani migrant workers primarily in Russia. Following independence, Kyrgyzstan was progressive in carrying out market reforms, such as an improved regulatory system and land reform. Kyrgyzstan was the first Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) country to be accepted into the World Trade Organization. Much of the government's stock in enterprises has been sold. Drops in production had been severe after the breakup of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but by mid-1995, production began to recover and exports began to increase. The overthrow of President BAKIEV in April 2010 and subsequent ethnic clashes left hundreds dead and damaged infrastructure. Under President ATAMBAYEV, Kyrgyzstan has developed a plan for economic development in coordination with international donors, and has also expressed its intent to join the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. Progress in fighting corruption, improving transparency in licensing, business permits and taxations, restructuring domestic industry, and attracting foreign aid and investment are key to future growth.

Issues in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan has yet to ratify the 2001 boundary delimitation with Kazakhstan; disputes in Isfara Valley delay completion of delimitation with Tajikistan; delimitation of 130 km of border with Uzbekistan is hampered by serious disputes over enclaves and other areas Refugees and internally displaced persons: IDPs: 172,000 (June 2010 violence in southern Kyrgyzstan between the Kyrgyz majority and the Uzbek minority) (2012) stateless persons: 15,473 (2012); note - most stateless people were born in Kyrgystan, have lived there many years, or are married to a Kyrgyz citizen; in 2009, Kyrgyzstan adopted a national action plan to speed up the exchange of old Soviet passports for Kyrgyz ones; stateless people are unable to register marriages and births, to travel within the country or abroad, to own property, or to receive social benefits Illicit drugs: limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy for CIS markets; limited government eradication of illicit crops; transit point for Southwest Asian narcotics bound for Russia and the rest of Europe; major consumer of opiates

Prices in Kyrgyzstan
Meal in inexpensive restaurant4.95 USD
3-course meal in restaurant (for 2)28.2 USD
McDonalds meal2.95 USD
Local beer (0.5 draft)1.34 USD
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 1.92 USD
Cappuccino1.76 USD
Pepsi/Coke (0.33 bottle)0.64 USD
Water (0.33 bottle)0.35 USD
Milk (1l)0.96 USD
Fresh bread (500g)0.37 USD
White Rice (1kg)1.07 USD
Eggs (12) 1.53 USD
Local Cheese (1kg) 6.87 USD
Chicken Breast (1kg) 4.59 USD
Apples (1kg) 1.68 USD
Oranges (1kg) 2.51 USD
Tomato (1kg) 2.23 USD
Potato (1kg) 0.67 USD
Lettuce (1 head) 0.64 USD
Water (1.5l)0.57 USD
Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range) 4.9 USD
Domestic Beer (0.5 bottle)1.29 USD
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 1.13 USD
Cigarettes0.84 USD
One way local bus ticket0.28 USD
Monthly pass for bus5.73 USD
Taxi start1.65 USD
Taxi 1km0.22 USD
Taxi 1hour waiting5.52 USD
Gasoline (1 liter) 0.81 USD
Utilities for a "normal" apartment42.55 USD
Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend) 10 USD
Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre 513.38 USD
Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre 286.26 USD
Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre 772.8 USD
Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre 475 USD

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