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Lithuania holidays

Information about Lithuania

Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004. In January 2014, Lithuania assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term.

Lithuania's economy

Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization and joined the EU in May 2004. Despite its EU accession, Lithuania's trade with its Central and Eastern European neighbors, and Russia in particular, accounts for a significant share of total trade. Foreign investment and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy. The three former Soviet Baltic republics were among the hardest hit by the 2008-09 financial crisis. The government's efforts to attract foreign investment, to develop export markets, and to pursue broad economic reforms has been key to Lithuania's quick recovery from a deep recession, making Lithuania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. Lithuania is committed to meeting the Maastricht criteria to join the euro zone, which the government expects to achieve by 2015. Under the Conservative Party's leadership, Lithuania raised the monthly minimum wage in January 2012 nearly 25% over 2011. In January 2013, the new Social Democrat-led government increased the minimum wage another 25% over January 2012. Despite government efforts, unemployment remains high.

Issues in Lithuania

Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as a EU member state having an external border with a non-EU member, to strict Schengen border rules; boundary demarcated with Latvia and Lithuania; as of January 2007, ground demarcation of the boundary with Belarus was complete and mapped with final ratification documents in preparation Refugees and internally displaced persons: stateless persons: 4,130 (2012) Illicit drugs: transshipment and destination point for cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, and opiates from Southwest Asia, Latin America, Western Europe, and neighboring Baltic countries; growing production of high-quality amphetamines, but limited production of cannabis, methamphetamines; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation

Prices in Lithuania (1 LTL = 0.33 USD)
Meal in inexpensive restaurant14.7 LTL
3-course meal in restaurant (for 2)82.58 LTL
McDonalds meal14.55 LTL
Local beer (0.5 draft)5.76 LTL
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 5.53 LTL
Cappuccino5.7 LTL
Pepsi/Coke (0.33 bottle)3.4 LTL
Water (0.33 bottle)2.51 LTL
Milk (1l)2.66 LTL
Fresh bread (500g)2.73 LTL
White Rice (1kg)4.48 LTL
Eggs (12) 5.49 LTL
Local Cheese (1kg) 21.3 LTL
Chicken Breast (1kg) 15.35 LTL
Apples (1kg) 2.84 LTL
Oranges (1kg) 4.08 LTL
Tomato (1kg) 4.31 LTL
Potato (1kg) 1.27 LTL
Lettuce (1 head) 2.72 LTL
Water (1.5l)2.22 LTL
Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range) 21.03 LTL
Domestic Beer (0.5 bottle)3.03 LTL
Foreign beer (0.33 bottle) 3.2 LTL
Cigarettes9.37 LTL
One way local bus ticket2.76 LTL
Monthly pass for bus110.9 LTL
Taxi start3.32 LTL
Taxi 1km1.88 LTL
Taxi 1hour waiting33.15 LTL
Gasoline (1 liter) 4.34 LTL
Utilities for a "normal" apartment479.23 LTL
Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend) 78.21 LTL
Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre 733.36 LTL

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